Chinese style in interior
Continuing the theme of Chinoiserie we will touch on the true China style. Despite the fact that it is much more modest than the view of Europeans, it still deserves attention. This country is full of centuries-old traditions, it has brought to the world many useful inventions such as paper, ceramics, silk, bronze casting and more. Any object in the Chinese style makes a modern interior more interesting and meaningful.
(1) Wall wood panel; Golden Lotus Antiques
(2) Jade coin on a metal stand; China Furniture and Arts
(3) Lantern with tassel; China Furniture and Arts
(4) Monkish elm wood chair; Oriental Furnishings
(5) Lacquered coffee table; Golden Lotus Antiques
(6) Cabinet with drawers; Китай$China
(7) Ceramic stool; Golden Lotus Antiques
Photo: Valentino, spring, 2016
Traditional Chinese architecture is based on the teachings of Feng Shui, the symmetry, the use of local natural materials, resistance to earthquakes and smoothly blends into the landscape. Main materials: wood, stone, brick, ground, bamboo and reeds – it all depends on the climate.
One of the most common is a residential ensemble, rectangular and symmetrical in plan, often single-storey, with a courtyard in the center. Usually, it is a wooden beamed structure that is not hidden and is painted with bright paint to give strength, and the walls are not load-bearing. Screens and panels are used instead of the inner walls and this allows to freely change the layout inside. Usually, they are wooden and carved with geometrical ornaments. The window is also decorated with lattice panels.
The roof is a gable, it corners are raised and rounded, this is creating a feeling of lightness and floating. It is covered with reeds or shingles. You can find arches and windows in the circle or octagon shapes. The circle symbolizes the sky. In addition to traditional Chinese ensemble, there are homes in caves and hills as well as a multi-storey circular earthen fortress, houses on stilts or platforms.
Furniture and decor
The interior is quite modest and is filled with symbols that protect against evil spirits and attract happiness and prosperity. The central place in the house usually was the family altar. Furniture made of wood (rosewood, sandalwood), bamboo and often resembles a form of hieroglyphics. The texture of the tree was accentuated with varnish. Over time furniture become decorated with intarsia, woodcarving, painting, colored varnishes. Soft upholstery did not exist and the seats were wicker. Fabrics were used mainly for clothing. The Chinese early began to use the chairs, unlike other Eastern Nations.
Also used chests, mats, and bags, and rich people had beds, couches, tables. The tall cabinets were only in the kitchen and in the cupboards and decorated with brass elements. In the arrangement of the furniture is sustained strict symmetry. The interior was decorated with silk pale shades carpets. They were short-lived and their composition began with cotton. Houses were decorated with ink painting, porcelain, dwarf plants bonsai, bronze, and jade wares. The jade stone is highly revered in China and is considered the “stone of life” that brings prosperity.
Under the influence of Buddhism was created the images of nature and the animal world that were not created for decorating the interior. They were kept in boxes and sometimes were taken out for contemplation and meditation. Restraint style allows you not tired of the image and to contemplate it very long time. Windows and walls are often adorned with paper clippings in the form of hieroglyphs and animals. Lighting, of course, was soft light from traditional Chinese paper or silk lanterns.
Ceramic garden stools, favored by decorators, come from the beautiful Chinese gardens. Their form and pattern imitate the old wooden drums that the tensioned of nails fixed skin. They are versatile and very practical, especially in bathrooms.
The most important symbol in China and its patron is the dragon – a symbol of Imperial power, prosperity, harvest. Also the tiger, it symbolizes courage and bravery and wards off evil spirits. Its head is depicted on the walls of houses and on the kids clothes to protect.
Images of crane, turtle and deer together are often, which create an atmosphere of prosperity, longevity and wisdom. The image of a carp meaning prosperity and wealth, fertility. A beast with a human face often depicts on ware – it is Taote, a mythical beast which warns against gluttony and greed. The image of the elder in the company of stork and deer and with a peach and a staff in his hands is the spirit of longevity.
Peony flowers for their splendor and beauty symbolize luxury, wealth, spring, and love. The peony is considered the king of all flowers. Favorite Chinese chrysanthemum symbolizes autumn, privacy and maturity, asceticism. It is often used in medicinally and in cooking. Often you can see images of Pine trees which are representing resistance. And bamboo is the modesty and high morality.
The family’s interests were in the priority, the elders were honored. A duty of every man was a continuation of his sorts. Therefore, the most important event was the birth of an heir, but the birth of a girl was considered a failure. Marriages were made by the decision of the elders, a husband could have multiple wives and concubines. Divorce could only be carried out on the initiative of the husband. Poor people often sold their daughters into marriage.
A food was considered a sacred gift from heaven and mainly must have disinfectant and healing properties. The typical diet of the Chinese is noodles, pork, carp and perch, salmon, cereals, soy sauce, vinegar, ginger and other spices. But the rice is eaten less frequently. Tea was poured to the middle and the wine – to the brim.
Information is collected on particles from different sources by me.
More inspiration about China you can find in our album on the Pinterest.